- Scheda dell'insegnamento
- Obiettivi formativi
- Metodi didattici
- Verifica dell'apprendimento
Knowledge and understanding
At the end of the course, students should be able to:
• demonstrate familiarity with the major concepts and theoretical perspectives in ethics;
• recognize and critically analyze ethical concerns in biology, medicine and public health;
• distinguish ethical questions from scientific and legal questions and from questions of personal preference, custom, or habit;
• develop and use critical thinking skills to analyze information and situations in order to respond and act ethically with regard to scientific research, practice, and technology;
• understand that ethical inquiry uses a set of concepts and skills aimed at analyzing challenging situations and making decisions about the best course of action;
• recognize that while there can usually be several answers or approaches to an ethical question, it is important to present a strong, well-reasoned argument for one’s position. And then to develop the ability to justify an ethical position;
• Enhance respectful dialogue among individuals with diverse perspectives.
Applying knowledge and understanding
At the end of the course, students should have the theoretical competences that will allow them to assess ethical reasoning in complex situations and ethical decision making in professional and research practice.
Students will be faced with a set of four key questions that can be used to clarify an ethical problem. In all cases, students will need to ask the following:
What is the ethical question?
What are the relevant facts?
Who or what could be affected by the way the question gets resolved?
What are the relevant ethical considerations?
To fully understand the topics addressed in the present course, students should possess basic notions of cellular biology, genetics, human anatomy, physiology and pathology.
1. Introduction to Bioethics and the aims of medicine
2. Introduction to Ethics Consultation
3. Research and Clinical Ethics Committees, Ethics Consultation
4. Biomedical Research, Integrity and Conflicts of interest
5. Informed Consent and vulnerable subjects
6. GenEthics in molecular medicine
7. Research Biobanks and Big Data
8. Beginning of Life (PMA, Abortion, Embryo stem cells)
9. Cord Blood Stem Cells
10. End of Life issues and Clinical Ethics (Euthanasia, Living will, Palliative Care)
12. Bioethical Dilemmas in Emergency and Disaster Medicine
13. Ethics in Health Services Management
The course consists of specialistic lessons and Case Reports aimed at creating a direct interaction between students and teacher, in order to stir the students' interest concerning the topics of the course.
The case study method challenges students to engage the issues being discussed and to participate actively in the deliberative process (participatory method with discussion, debate, questions). Case study activities require participants to exercise and develop their problem solving and critical thinking skills and encourage students that their viewpoints are important.
Lessons, case reports and the accompanying visual materials are the major source of information for the students, who are also encouraged to further investigate aspects of special interest, by referring to some recommended textbooks.
The learning outcomes will be assessed by an oral interview on any topic selected from the syllabus.
Slides, documents and scientific papers are supplied by the lecturer. All material can be find on e-learning platform, compatibly with the laws on copyright.
The following reference textbooks are also recommended:
M. Tavani, M. Picozzi, G. Salviati, “Manuale di Deontologia Medica”
M. Picozzi, O. Ferrario, “Il diavolo è nei dettagli. Lotta al terrorismo, ricorso alla tortura, ruolo dei medici”
R. Pegoraro, M. Picozzi, A. Spagnolo, “La consulenza di etica clinica in Italia. Lineamenti e prospettive”
M. Picozzi, V. Consolandi, S. Siano, “Fino a quando?”
M. Picozzi, “Trapianto di organi. Realtà clinica e questioni etico-deontologiche?”
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