ELEMENTARY PARTICLE PHENOMENOLOGY

A.A. di erogazione 2020/2021

Laurea Magistrale in FISICA
 (A.A. 2020/2021)
L'insegnamento è condiviso, tecnicamente "mutuato" con altri corsi di laurea, consultare il dettaglio nella sezione Mutuazioni
Anno di corso: 
1
Tipologia di insegnamento: 
Caratterizzante
Settore disciplinare: 
FISICA NUCLEARE E SUBNUCLEARE (FIS/04)
Crediti: 
8
Ciclo: 
Primo Semestre
Ore di attivita' frontale: 
64
Dettaglio ore: 
Lezione (64 ore)

The purpose of the course is to provide students with an introduction to the phenomenology of elementary particle physics, defined as the interaction between the two main spheres of activity: on the one hand, the development of the theory that describes the physical world at the sub-nuclear level and, on the other, the experimental work aimed at verifying the validity of this description and at discovering possibly new, as yet unknown and often unexpected aspects. Students will thus acquire a state-of-the-art knowledge of both theoretical and experimental elementary particle physics, together with an understanding of the mechanisms and motivations that led up to the current theoretical and experimental scheme. They will also acquire the necessary skills to analyse fundamental interactions both from the point of view of conservation and symmetry laws and with regard to kinematics and the underlying dynamics.

Nuclear and sub-nuclear physics with exercise classes
Quantum physics (Modules 1 and 2)
Electromagnetism (Modules 1 and 2)

• Symmetries
> parity violation in the weak interaction
> the V – A formulation of weak currents
> Cabibbo theory
> the GIM mechanism and the CKM matrix
> CP violation in the Standard Model
> the CPT theorem

• Hadronic Physics
> Gell-Mann's quark theory − SU(3)
> Feynman's quark–parton model
> the strong interaction − QCD
> DIS and ep machines
> asymptotic freedom & confinement
> the "new" particles

• Cosmic Rays and First Discoveries
> e+e– machines
> resonance production & Breit−Wigner
> discovery of the c and b quarks
> discovery of the tau lepton
> pp machines
> discovery of W±, Z° and the t quark

• Elementary Particles and Fundamental Forces
> the need to extend the Fermi theory of weak interactions
> the spontaneous breaking of symmetries (the Higgs−Kibble mechanism)
> B-meson physics
> the discovery and measurement of CP violation
> proton decay
> the Standard Model

• General Issues
> neutrino masses, oscillation and mixing
> GUTs
> SuSy
> beyond the 4 dimensions
> beyond the Standard Model

Conventional blackboard teaching, including exercise classes in the lecture room for a total of 64 hours.

The course examination takes the form of a single final oral discussion. In order to ascertain the expositional abilities in elementary particle physics phenomenology and the level of understanding of the subject, students are asked to make a previously prepared oral presentation. During and after the presentation, questions are posed with the aim of testing the ability to reason on the subject under discussion and to verify the level of understanding of the major topics covered during the lessons, as well as the student’s analytical and computational skills.

Notes will be made available online via E-learning platform https://elearning.uninsubria.it/.
Suggested supplementary (not compulsory) texts:
P.G. Ratcliffe "An Introduction to Elementary Particle Phenomenology" (IoP, 2014);
D. Perkins, "Introduction to High Energy Physics" (CUP, 2000);
F. Halzen & A. Martin, "Quarks and Leptons" (Wiley, 1984);
Povh et al., "Particles and Nuclei" (Springer, 1995).

Office hours:
by appointment (contact philip.ratcliffe@uninsubria.it)

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